Romans 1:1-2 / Paul the Apostle (Sermon notes and Audio)

Posted on February 21, 2013


This is the first in a series of verse-by-verse expositions of the book of Romans. This message was delivered at Hillcrest Baptist Church on the morning of February 17, 2013. This message deals with Paul’s calling, and his attitude toward the Gospel. This contains an audio recording of my message, along with my sermon notes and a study outline. Please note that the sermon notes are not a full transcript.

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Rom 1_1-2

Study Outline:

Rom 1_1-2 Outline


Romans 1:1-2 / Paul the Apostle

Author: Paul

Date: Between 56-60 AD

Romans is primarily a book of doctrine, and contains little historical material.

Romans is probably the single most complete theological writing in the Bible.

Chapters 1-11 focus on right doctrine. (What to believe)

Chapters 12-16 focus on putting that doctrine to practice in our daily lives. (How to behave)

Theme: God is right, man is not. Only by faith in Jesus Christ can man be right with God.

Bondservant = slave

To be a slave is to be attached to a master by way of subjection.

Paul humbly calls himself a slave of Christ Jesus and an apostle (“one who is sent”). For a Roman citizen—which Paul was—to choose to be a slave was unthinkable.

You are a slave to that which dominates you. Paul was dominated, totally subjected to Christ.

A slave is the property of another. Paul considered himself the property of Christ.

A slave has only one purpose, and that is to carry out the will of his master. We see this type of devotion in Paul.

A slave is a living tool to carry out the will of his master, which is what Paul taught.

Romans 12:1

Paul knew his master, and was totally devoted. He knew that his life was no longer his own, but Christ’s.

He was called to be an apostle.

An apostle is one who is sent with the full authority of the one who sent him.

An apostle must be a witness to the resurrected Christ.

Acts 1:21-23

Paul fit the criteria.

1 Corinthians 9:1

He was separated to the Gospel of God.

There were three separations in Paul’s life.

  • 1 – At his birth (Galatians 1:15)

This confirms that God had a pre ordained plan for Paul.

  • 2 – At his conversion (Acts 9:15-16)

Paul was separated from his life of serving the law and being a persecutor, to serving Christ, and being the persecuted.

  • 3 – His call to serve (Acts 13:1-2)

Paul was separated from home to the mission field.

The call of separation must come from God.

John 15:16

Matthew 9:38

All believers have a call.

We know what the call is, it’s not a mystery. The call is to preach Christ.

1 Corinthians 15:3-4

His message was the crucified and resurrected Christ. Everything else revolved around that. So should be our message.

Paul was eager to preach it, and he preached it without shame.

Romans 1:15-16

Paul’s separation was for a 100% commitment to serve Christ. We should be so eagerly committed.

Paul points out that the Gospel that he was preaching was nothing new.

It had already been given by the prophets in the Holy Scripture. Therefore, there is no reason not to believe it.

Jesus said it is foolish not to believe the prophets.

Luke 24:25-27

And indeed, we were given a very vivid description of our savior in Isaiah 53:1-12

The Scriptures are holy. This is the only time the phrase “Holy Scriptures” is used in the New Testament, but they are holy!

We cannot correct the Scriptures (writings). It’s hard to correct something that has no errors.

We don’t judge the Word, the Word judges us!

As such, Paul chose to be completely dependent on and obedient to his beloved Master. What is your attitude toward Christ, your Master?

Our willingness to serve and obey Jesus Christ enables us to be useful and usable servants to do work for him that really matters.

Obedience begins as we renounce other masters, identify ourselves with Jesus, discover his will and live according to it.

We must understand that God’s word is THE basis for judgment.

How do you stack up against the Word of God?